|Title:||設施蔬菜產銷現況及經營調適分析||Other Titles:||Benefit Analysis and Farm Management Strategy for the Vegetable Production under Structure||Authors:||林月金
|Keywords:||農業經營||Issue Date:||Jun-1995||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||29-68||Source:||農業試驗所特刊;第53號||Conference:||農業經營調適研討會專刊||Abstract:||
Plastic culture with simple facility( SFC ), and with hydroponic facility( HFC ) are two kinds of protected cultivation methods applied in the vegetable production in Taiwan. Due to the assistance of the government extension project, the technology of SFC is released and scattered islandwilde up to 588 hectares in 1994. The major greenhouse structurse of SFC in northern Taiwan is the tunnel type with the plastic film for rainfallroof and surrounded with the plastic net for insectproof, and that in central a nd southern Taiwan is the shelter type with plastic net for rainfallproof. The farm marketing processes of the SFC product in the northern and southern Taiwan are through the joint-marketing, sold to the dealer, sold to the supermarket or sold to the local market, and that of the central Taiwan are only through Taiwan Sugarcane company cooperative marketing system or sold to the supermarket. he net profit of the vegetable culture by SFC is better than that from open field in Taichung Area. The SFC by nethouse and plastic film & nethouse culture obtained the best annual profit. The advantage of SFC is due to its higher quality and marketing potential in product, better income, and quick turn-over rate in investment so as to reduce the impact of GATT.
The HFC industry is starting with 30 hectares of hydroponic farms scattered in the western Taiwan in the past five years. The major crop grown by HFC is leafy vegetables and only 1.35 ha tomato grown in rockwool system. The major marketing process of the HFC product is directly sent to supermarket. The three tomato rockwool farms sold their product by picking & paying type of leisure farming. The better net profit was obtained from DRF hydroponic system grown in semi-dwarf tunnel house. The profit is increased with the enlargement of the farm acreage up to 4000 square meter. The advantage of HFC is due to its no soil damage in continous cropping, slight influences by climatic factors, year-round higher productivity,and longer storage period, low packing loss and cleanness.
The strategies for the farm management of SFC and HFC industry could be focused on the followings:
(1)To reorganize cooperatives both in SFC and HFC farm with agribusiness.
(2)To concern with emvironmental and climatic constrants as to set up specialized production area for SFC and HFC industry.
(3)To Assist SFC and HFC farms apply ¡§Pesticide Free Label¡¨ from the government and created its own brand.
(4)To educate SFC farms by using organic farming.
(5)To run HFC farming combined with DRF hydroponics and semi- dwarf tunnel house.
|Appears in Collections:||技術服務組|
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