|Title:||Status of Management of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources in Papua New Guinea||Authors:||Workneh Ayalew
|Issue Date:||Dec-2008||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第135號||Start page/Pages:||159-172||Source:||Capacity Building for Development and Implementation of Risk Management Systems on Genetic Resources||Conference:||Proceedings of the APEC-ATCWG Workshop||Abstract:||
PNG has a diverse and rich resource base of plant, livestock and aquaculture genetic resources used for food and agriculture. These resources support livelihoods of the majority of rural population in the country. The safeguarding, maintenance and sustainable use of this genetic diversity is esential for current as well as future livelihood security. The National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), as per its national manadate, maintains ex situ field gene banks as well as in vitro storages of major food crops including sweet potato, taro, banana, yam, cassava, taro, sweet potato and Aibika. Some indigenous and introduced fruit and nut crops are also maintained in ex situ collections, as are a small collection of both indigenous and introduced spices. NARI also maintains small conservation breeding stocks of sheep, goats, chicken, rabbits and ducks. The sustained use and development of these resources require supportive legislation and policy frameworks, which are still under development. Nevertheless PNG continues to collaborate with regional and international partners in the use and sharing of some of these resources. Currently the key constraints to sustainable utilization of these resources are lack of baseline information about the diversity and status of the resources, limitations in technical and logistical capacity in the design and implementation of appropriate management plans, lack of essential legal frameworks for use, access and transfer of these resources and the preceived continued threats on existing indigenous plant, livestock and aquatic resources from unsustainable utilization, large scale deforestation and expansion of human settlements.
|Appears in Collections:||作物種原組|
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