|Title:||Management of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in the Philippines: Status and Risks||Authors:||Susan Sandra L. Ilao
Noel A. Catibog
|Issue Date:||Dec-2008||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第135號||Start page/Pages:||189-203||Source:||Capacity Building for Development and Implementation of Risk Management Systems on Genetic Resources||Conference:||Proceedings of the APEC-ATCWG Workshop||Abstract:||
The Philippines is home to a rich diversity of plant and animal genetic resources, and plays a vital role in preserving global species. Plant genetic resources (PGR) for food and agriculture are conserved in situ in national reservations and as a component of the traditional farming systems. Ex situ collections of important germplasm have been assembled and maintained since the early 1900s. Specific holding institutions conserve major crops in their genebanks. Most of the PGR initiatives in this country are part of the varietal improvement programs of various institutions. The status of conserving the plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, capability building and R&D initiatives are briefly discussed.
Many problems, however, beset the management of genebanks and the continued existence of some crops is put at risk. The risk factors that predispose the country’s PGRs to loss or damages are categorized into natural or environmental, technical, social, and political. Most genebank managers cope with the risks on a case-to-case basis. The experiences highlighted in this report show that strengthening the capacity of holding institutions and genebank managers in PGR management should be pursued. Interagency collaboration is vital in the assessment and management of the risks to PGR conservation in order to maximize the use of physical, human, and financial resources, considering the element of quick response time and the magnitude of the risks.
|Appears in Collections:||作物種原組|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.