|Title:||Enhanced thermal stability of green banana starch by heat-moisture treatment and its ability to reduce body fat accumulation and modulate gut microbiota||Authors:||Tsung-Yen Wu
|Keywords:||Banana starch;Resistant starch;Heat-moisture treatment;Body fat;Microbiota||Issue Date:||Oct-2020||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal Volume:||160||Start page/Pages:||915-924||Source:||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules||Abstract:||
The physicochemical properties (including morphology, pasting, and thermal properties) of resistant starch (RS) in green banana starch were analyzed after the heat-moisture treatment in the presence of citric acid (CAHMT) at different temperatures. Moreover, this study evaluated whether the administration of CAHMT banana starch could reduce body fat accumulation and modulate gut microbiota. Our results demonstrated that the CAHMT process (90 degrees C) resulted in a higher retention (80.9%) and thermal stability of RS, alteration in the crystalline structure of starch from B-type to A-type, and increased solubility (27.9-fold) and gelatinization temperatures (from 66.26-78.89 degrees C to 81.48-92.11 degrees C). A reduction in swelling power (-57.7%) and a loss of pasting viscosity were also noted. Even after a 30 min boil, the retention rate of residual RS (CAHMT at 90 degrees C) was up to 50% (4.3-fold higher than the control). Rats fed the CAHMT banana starch resulted in significantly (p < 0.05) lower total visceral fat (-18.1%) and Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio as well as higher total fecal short chain fatty acids. The CAHMT process at 90 degrees C enhanced the thermal stability of banana RS allowing a wider range of applications in functional foods.
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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