|Title:||Prediction of Plant Nutrition State of Rice under Water-Saving Cultivation and Panicle Fertilization Application Decision Making||Authors:||Guan-Sin Li
|Keywords:||rice;water-saving cultivation;UAV remote sensing;vegetation index;nitrogen fertilizer||Issue Date:||Aug-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||11||Journal Issue:||8||Start page/Pages:||1626||Source:||Agronomy||Abstract:||
Rice is a staple food crop in Asia. The rice farming industry has been influenced by global urbanization, rapid industrialization, and climate change. A combination of precise agricultural and smart water management systems to investigate the nutrition state in rice is important. Results indicated that plant nitrogen and chlorophyll content at the maximum tillering stage were significantly influenced by the interaction between water and fertilizer. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and normalized difference red edge (NDRE), obtained from the multispectral images captured by a UAV, exhibited the highest positive correlations (0.83 and 0.82) with plant nitrogen content at the maximum tillering stage. The leave-one-out cross-validation method was used for validation, and a final plant nitrogen content prediction model was obtained. A regression function constructed using a nitrogen nutrition index and the difference in field cumulative nitrogen had favorable variation explanatory power, and its adjusted coefficient of determination was 0.91. We provided a flow chart showing how the nutrition state of rice can be predicted with the vegetation indices obtained from UAV image analysis. Differences in field cumulative nitrogen can be further used to diagnose the demand of nitrogen topdressing during the panicle initiation stage. Thus, farmers can be provided with precise panicle fertilization strategies for rice fields.
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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