|Title:||桃的設施栽培||Other Titles:||Protected Culitivation of Peach in Taiwan Highland Area||Authors:||陳中
|Keywords:||桃;設施栽培;密植體系;peach;protected cultivation;Tatura;Trellis||Issue Date:||Jun-1991||Publisher:||臺灣省農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第35號||Start page/Pages:||297-305||Source:||台灣果樹之生產及研究發展研討會專刊||Conference:||台灣果樹之生產及研究發展研討會
Proceeding of A Symposium on Fruit Production, Research and Development in Taiwan
在南投縣仁愛鄉梅峰國立台灣大學附設山地實驗農場興建設施水蜜桃園的公頃。線接於苦桃實生站木上的桃樹共52品種6到株按Tatura Trellis密植體系種植，株行距15 X 5.4 m2 。圓拱型的隔雨設施以4分管徑的鐘錚自鐵管為骨架，沿樹行立柱，拱頂在行間街接，柱距1 m，拱高4 m；幢輿幢間有天溝銜接使雨水不落入果圍內。0.2mm厚之網紋PVC塑膠布於1990年1月下旬被覆，9月卸除。在塑膠布被覆期間，果園實施滴水灌溉補充水分不足。初步觀察設施栽培之有利結果如下:
A 0.5 hac protected cultivation of Tatura Trellis orchard was established in the Experimental Highland Farm of National Taiwan University(Mei-Feng, Nantor County, 24° 08' N, ASL 2,100m), for 52 varieties of peach to protect the blooming and fruiting from rains in the spring through summer. Positive results of this technigue were :
-Sprouting was advanced, and so was ripening, from 10 to 15 days, depending on the variety.
- better and more regular setting, (trees protected against rain and wind during bloom. )
-higher and more regular production.
-low percentage of non-marketable fruits.
The frame of the structure was constructed of. metal pipes(# 26m/m)with posts onthe row and arches between rows allowed a better operation under the PE house. The plastic film used was 0.2mm thick PVC, which was covered at the end of January, and recovered in the mid August after the fruits were harvested. To diminish negative effects of severe water stress due to the seperate of rainfall, a trickle irrigation system was set up. During the hottest hours of sunny days, ventilization or canopy misting was important to keep the temperature below 35 oC for better fruit growing under .the protection. Some pests were less important than in the open(ie. leaf curl disease, bacterial spot and brown rot), some are more aggressive(red mite).
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