|Title:||葉用枸杞新品種苗栗1號之育成||Other Titles:||Breeding of new boxthorn variety Miaoli No. 1||Authors:||王志瑄
|Keywords:||枸杞;育種;機能性成分;boxthorn;breeding;functional compounds||Issue Date:||Aug-2022||Publisher:||苗栗區農業改良場||Journal Issue:||11||Start page/Pages:||129-140||Source:||苗栗區農業改良場研究彙報||Abstract:||
枸杞（Lycium chinense Mill.）為茄科（Solanaceae）之多年生植物，本場於2002年即有枸杞栽培相關研究，為因應產業需求於2013年開始著手枸杞新品種選育。以葉用地方種（MLS-02）與無刺種（MLS-05）作為雜交之父母親本雜交，實生苗7年篩選評估，選定102-CII-01作為新品系，於2020年通過苗栗區農業改良場研發成果管理小組審查，命名為「苗栗1號」，商品名為「珍芯」。新品種苗栗1號特性為無刺莖段及可食莖段長度長，於嫩梢採收上其產量較傳統對照品系高，更具有夏季抽芽能力較高、短刺等優點，適合收穫利用嫩梢。而在機能性成分含量上，綠原酸含量達2.87 mg/gDW，較對照葉用地方種（MLS-02）高，深具保健產品開發潛力。
Boxthorn (Lycium chinense) is a multi-branched shrub in the Solanaceae family (Solanaceae). Research on the cultivation of boxthorn was conducted in our station since 2002. In response to the needs of farmers, the breeding of new varieties began in 2013. After many years of observation and comparison, 102-CII-01 was selected, and named, Maioli No.1-Jhensin (珍芯). Maioli No.1 has the advantages of good summer shoot forming ability and short spines. Although its leaves weight is lighter, its shoot length is long and thornless, the edible shoot length is also long, as a consequence its yield is higher than that of traditional lines in harvesting young shoots. In terms of functional composition, the chlorogenic acid content of the new variety Maioli No.1 is as high as 2.87 mg/g DW, which has a high potential for the development of health care products. It is hoped that the promotion of a new variety will not only increase the income of farmers but also provide diversified health care products to facilitate needs of consumers.
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