|Title:||果樹採收機之研究||Other Titles:||Development of Fruit Picker for Certain Fruit Tree||Authors:||林金鐓
C. L. Tin
|Keywords:||農業機械化;採收機||Issue Date:||Jun-1971||Publisher:||社團法人臺灣農業工程學會||Journal Volume:||17||Journal Issue:||2||Start page/Pages:||28-31||Source:||農業工程學報||Abstract:||
This experiment was carried out at the Chiayi Agricultural Experiment Station from January, 1970 to March, 1971. The results obtained are briefly summarized as follows.
1.The fruit picker increased working efficiency by 64﹪ for grape fruit, 47﹪ for canistel, 24﹪ for lemon, 20-24﹪ for ponkan, and 12-26﹪ for seal orange when compared with manual labors. The efficiency may be affected by the shape and other morphological characters of fruits.
2.The percentage of fruit injury during the picking process was less than 1.6﹪ for manual labors whereas fruit picker caused fruit injury by 8.23﹪ for canistel, 4.71﹪ for lemon, 1.76-3.49﹪ for ponkan and 0.24-1.44﹪ for seal orange.
3.The percentage of fruit decay was slightly higher for fruits harvested by fruit picker than those of manual labors. However, the difference failed to reach a significant level, indicating that storage ability of fruits was not affected by fruit picker.
4.The percentage of fruit with outsize fruit stack was 30, 24, and 11﹪larger in the fruits harvested by fruit picker for ponkan, seal orange and grape fruit, and lemon respectively in comparison with those harvested by manual labors.
5.The fruit picker was capable of harvesting fruits on the top of the tree without the danger of climbing the tree as usually the case in hand picking.
6.The results of this experiment demonstrated that this fruit picker could be used successfully for picking those fruits with flat bottom and hard texture.
|Appears in Collections:||(1)農藝系|
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