|Title:||Residues Control by Using Rapid Bioassay of Pesticide Residues (RBPR) for Market Inspection and Farm Education||Authors:||Ching-Hua Kao
|Keywords:||Technology on Reducing Post-harvest Losses and Maintaining Quality of Fruits and Vegetables: Proceedings of 2010 AARDO Workshop||Issue Date:||Dec-2010||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||72-82||Source:||農業試驗所特刊第147號||Conference:||Technology on Reducing Post-harvest Losses and Maintaining Quality of Fruits and Vegetables: Proceedings of 2010 AARDO Workshop||Abstract:||
Following the execution of residue control program using housefly bioassay technique during
1964-1987, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute has renovated and implemented a rapid
bioassay method since 1985. The established rapid bioassay of pesticide residues (RBPR) system
is aiming at detecting the noxious organ phosphorus, carbamate insecticides as well as ethylene
bisdithiocarbamate fungicides using housefly acetylcholinesterase and Bacillus thuringiensis as the
probes. Standard assay procedures have been developed to detect the residues on fruits, vegetables,
rice, tea, spices, etc., and are able to complete 50 shipments within 4-6 hours. In Taiwan, more
than 300 RBPR stations inspect a half million agricultural products annually, and have constructed
a residue control system that covers farmer association and farm cooperative in production areas;
wholesale markets; food suppliers for military services, school and group lunching; supermarket
chain stores; private enterprises, etc. RBPR has also been adopted by the Republic of Korea,
Vietnam, Philippines, Panama and many Southeast Asian countries, and 11 international RBPR
training workshops were held during 1993-2010. The institute also is responsible for supplying
RBPR reagent kits and high quality of housefly acetylcholinesterases to local users and abroad.
Keywords: Insecticide, Fungicide, Residue, Acetylcholinesterase, RBPR.
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