|Keywords:||農業氣象;水稻生產;農業氣象逆境;農業氣象災害;全球氣候變遷;agricultural meteorology;rice production;climatic stress;agriculturaI climatic disaster;global climate change||Issue Date:||Dec-2004||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第111號||Start page/Pages:||57-72||Source:||水稻健康管理研討會專集||Conference:||水稻健康管理研討會
Proceedings of 2004 Symposium on Rice Health Management
Man depend foods for living and crops are the major sources. Crop production is controlled both by its genetic composition and environmental influence, Genetic composition of a crop is determined at the time of breeding and selection with potential production limit. Environmental influence may be ameliorated by cultivation practices and surrounding modifications that resulting different production capacities. The best policy of crop breeding for the best genetic performance is to follow the local specific environment so that genetic potential can he fully fulfilled. The so-called ideal production environment is the habitat that can allow a crop to reach its potential production limit. Unfortunately no place on earth can provide such kind of environment and situation. During the growing period, crops are often encountering varied climatic stresses and disasters leading to reversed yield and quality at harvest. This paper divided climate-crop production relations into five issues and expanded them to five research areas, namely, agricultural biological meteorology, agricultural micro-climate in structure, agricultural climatic disasters, agricultural climatic resources, and climate change and agricultural production. Secondly, characteristics of climate environment in Taiwan were briefly described, meteorological terminology related to rice production was introduced, and the nature of temporal and spatial variation of climatic environment was emphasized. Thirdly, change-s of natural and artificial factors to the fluctuation of climatic environment were delineated to further explain the relationships between climate and rice production. With the clear understanding of climatic effects, practices and strategies for improving the stress impacts may be derived and assessed. Finally, this paper emphasized the importance of running agriculture in aids with its ecological, cultural and social functions and appealed such advantages to the government sectors as an ending.
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