Survey and Utilization of Taiwan Wild Tea Plants
|Keywords:||野生茶樹;調查;1997特用作物試驗成果研討會專刊;Wild Tea Plants;Survey;Proceedings of A Symposium on the Experimental Results of Special Crops 1997||Issue Date:||Aug-1997||Publisher:||台中：農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||71-80||Source:||1997特用作物試驗成果研討會專刊:||Abstract:||
Taiwan wild tea plants mostly distributed in heavy foggy and high humid virgin forest at the elevation of 500 - 1,600 metres above sea level. The soil was rich in organic matters phosphate and potash with PH value between 3.73~5.9. There were similar forest trees grown in wild tea area and the pteridophyta was the dominantweeds.
Two varieties of Taiwan wild tea were recognized. One was Nan-tou wild tea type, distributed in Tai-chung Hseng Nan-tou Hseng, Cha-yi Hseng, Kao-shung Hseng and Tai-ton Hseng. The other was Red-bud type, distributed in Nan-tou Hseng Cha-yi Hseng.
Artificial hybridization was carried out since 1946 A.C by used of wild tea plants hybridized with the individual tea colony of Jaipuri, Manipuri, Kyan, Shan, Darjilin, Burma and Kee-mon tea varieties. Untill now, it has obtained a clone (Burma (729♀) × wild tea plants (607♂)which will be applied for registration.
Nowaday, the growth environment of MT.Mei-yuan is perfect for wild tea. Surveyed the density of wild tea plants in the 40.5 ha area at 1,100 1,650 meters above sea level of MT.Mei-yuan district, there were 2,549 bushes of wild tea plants, with trunk-diameter mostly above 20 cm. These wild tea plants are suggested to be set up in a special area for protection.
Because damaged by the longicoron, the life span of Taiwan wild tea plants would not survive for over 200 years.
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