|Title:||臺灣豆類作物品種改良之成說與展望||Other Titles:||Achievement and Perspectives of Leguminous Crops Breeding in Taiwan||Authors:||葉茂生
|Keywords:||豆類;品種;育種;種原;Legumes;Variety;Breeding;Germplasm||Issue Date:||May-1995||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第49號||Start page/Pages:||229-243||Source:||雜糧作物生產技術改進研討會專刊||Conference:||雜糧作物生產技術改進研討會||Abstract:||
Legume is the most important source of vegetative proteins and oils in human foods and is also the most noticable green manure crop and rotation crop for agriculture production systems. After regaining Taiwan in 1945, the goverment has been continually developing the country’s agriculfure. As a result, legumes have gradually become important economic crops in Taiwan.
During the past decades, 33 varieties of soybeans, 3 varieties of vegetable soybeans, and 18 varieties of peanuts have been bred in Taiwan. In adddition, 5 varieties of adzuki beans, 4 varieties of mungbeans, and 2 varieties of broad beans have been released during the same period for economic production. There hay been a total of 65 named extension varieties which has resulted in increased poduction and remarkable improvment in quality.
In 1993, the National Plant Genetic Resources Center was established which inaugurated an new era of the plant resources conservation in Taiwan. As Taiwan is expecting to join GATT in the near future, the production of legumes and other dryland food crops will be facing severe challenge from the imported agricultural products. For this reason, the varietal improvement of legumes must change to accommodate the situation. There must also be the development of native legume varieties with hight quality and suitbale for traditional foods. In addition, hard green manure crops, new medicinal crops, energy and vegetable crops legume varieties must be developed and improved.
|Appears in Collections:||作物組|
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