|Title:||我國推動安全農業之現況與展望－談植物防疫檢疫與農藥管理現況||Other Titles:||The current status and prospect of phytosanitary measures and agro-pesticide management implemented in Taiwan||Authors:||黃德昌
|Keywords:||植物防疫;植物檢疫;農藥管理;phytosanitary;quarantine;agro-pestcide;food safety||Issue Date:||Dec-2006||Publisher:||農業試驗所、中華民國植物病理學會||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第124號||Start page/Pages:||1-16||Source:||符合安全農業之病害防治新技術研討會專刊||Conference:||符合安全農業之病害防治新技術研討會
Proceedings of/ the Symposium on New Techniques for Control of Plant Diseases in Safe Agricultural System
Phytosanitary measures are important polices globally adopted by different countries to prevent the introduction and spread of regulated plant pests through international trade of plants and plant products. Phytosanitary measures include documentary check, inspection or quarantine of imported plant and plant products at points of entry or pre-clearance in the country of origin carried out by National Plant Protection Organization, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) in ROC, according to import requirements in compliance with international standards. With regard to quarantine pests with high likelihood of introduction, detection survey is carried out to determine if they are present. When a quarantine pest is detected, delimiting survey is conducted to establish the boundaries of infestation and official control is taken with the objective of eradication or containment of the quarantine pest. For native species of plant pests of potential economic importance, monitoring survey is periodically carried out by different agricultural agencies around Taiwan coordinated by BAPHIQ and pest alerts are release to growers when monitoring data indicate that control actions are needed. Integrated pest management (IPM) system, an ecosystem-based strategy with a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties, instead of sole chemical control are extended to farmers to ensure the production of crops and the safety of food. In Taiwan, the organizations as well as regulations for the implementation of phytosanitary measures have been well established and operated. Furthermore, several treatments for killing oriental fruit fly have been developed to facilitate the exports of fruits.
Agro-pesticides play important roles in plant protection and their use influences the conservation of natural resources and food safety. BAPHIQ has been officially assigned as the central competent authority of agro-pesticide management since 1994. Its responsibilities include approval of registration, risk assessment of approved agro-pesticides, management of manufacture, import, export, sale and inspection of quality of agro-pesticides as well as the crackdown of counterfeit agro-pesticide and the amendment of related regulations. Besides, Agriculture and Food Agency, Taiwan Agricultural Chemicals and Toxic Substances Research Institute and all District Agricultural Improvement Stations are responsible for trial and testing on the efficacy and quality of agro-pesticides and education of farmers for sound use of agro-pesticides. The above-mentioned tasks are effectively implemented to ensure the safety of farmers, consumers and environment.
|Appears in Collections:||植物病理組|
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