|Title:||重大作物病害之防治策略與執行情形及未來展望||Other Titles:||Control strategies and the implementation of important crop diseases and the future prospects of plant protection in Taiwan||Authors:||張瑞璋
Chiou, A. L.
|Keywords:||防治策略;偵察調查;監測調查;有害生物整合性管理;種子種苗驗證;Control strategy;Detection survey;Monitoring survey;Integrated pest management;Seed and seedling certification||Issue Date:||Dec-2010||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第149號||Start page/Pages:||1-20||Source:||近年來我國重大作物病害之發生及其診斷、監測與防治研討會專刊||Conference:||近年來我國重大作物病害之發生及其診斷、監測與防治研討會
Proceedings of Symposium on the Occurrence of Important Diseases in Taiwan in Recent Year and Development of Disease Diagnosis, Monitoring and Control
Twelve important quarantine pests of crops, including nematodes, bacteria and viruses, were placed under detection survey by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ), and emergency measures based on the standard operation procedure for eradication would be initiated if any one of the above pests was found. In addition, fourteen domestic important crop diseases were monitored actively, and the occurrences of the 14 diseases collected from the monitoring survey which may indicate the potential threat to crops would be transmitted instantly via the gricultural communication platform “Farmer’s Good Hands ”, which set up by the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, by using facsimile or Short Message Service (SMS) to inform farmers or agriculture related services for preventing diseases from spreading. To assist farmers in solving problems of pesticide residues and important crop diseases, for example, the rice blast and the viral diseases of melon, the BAPHIQ has implemented a pest alert system using monitoring survey data, strengthened educational programs for farmers to obtain information on disease management and pesticides, and demonstrated an area-wide coordinated control model for melon diseases prevention. For promoting integrated pest management (IPM) in controlling diseases on 18 economically important crops such as fruit, vegetable and tea, more than 200 training courses on how to use pesticide safely and properly were conducted for farmers and agencies from plant protection services. To prevent seed- and seedling-borne diseases from spreading, a mandatory seedling inspection program has been carried out on anthurium since 2000, also the requirements of seven other voluntary seed and seedling certification systems including Phalaenopsis orchids, vegetables and fruits, have been promulgated by BAPHIQ to promote the awareness on use of certified seeds and seedlings. In 2010, the BAPHIQ organized several pest management workshops on shaddock, rice, melon, citrus and strawberry for about 200 persons from agricultural extension services to enhance their capability on crop production practices, pest and disease diagnosis, control method and pesticides. To accomplish the policy goals of BAPHIQ in establishing a sound system of plant health inspection and quarantine, the strategies on crop protection should be carefully adjusted to align with the international trends, including the improvement of the efficiency of the system on monitoring and controlling of the important crop diseases, strengthening the employment of integrated control measures against crop diseases and continuously developing new technology for better control methods. Besides, efforts on collecting information of global crop epidemics, exchanging experiences in the prevention of the spread of diseases through international cooperation and amending plant protection laws and regulations timely would also be necessary to safeguard agricultural products and consumer’s health and ensure sustainable agriculture.
|Appears in Collections:||植物病理組|
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