|Title:||Sorption of toluene by humic acids derived from lake sediment and mountain soil at different pH||Authors:||S.W. Chang Chien
|Keywords:||Toluene;Sorption;Humic acid (HA);Lake sediment;Mountain soil||Issue Date:||May-2010||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal Volume:||177||Journal Issue:||1-3||Start page/Pages:||1068-1076||Source:||Journal of Hazardous Materials||Abstract:||
Contamination of soil and groundwater with BTEX compounds (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) depends on the sorption behavior of these compounds by soil organic matter (SOM) and humic acids (HAs). In this study sorption of toluene by HAs extracted from lake sediment and mountain soil was investigated. HA suspensions were adjusted to pH 4.00, 6.00, or 8.00 and made to the concentration of 200 mg L(-1). Each HA suspension or solution was subjected to particle size analysis using high performance particle sizer (HPPS). The particle size of HA from lake sediment was around 1000-1200 nm while that from mountain soil was 220-320 nm at suspension pH 4.00. Kinetic studies showed that sorption of toluene by the two HAs followed pseudo-first-order and mainly pseudo-zero-order kinetics. At suspension pH 4.00, the sorption of toluene by the two HAs was best described by Langmuir and Temkin adsorption isotherm models. Further, sorption of toluene by the lake sediment HA was significantly greater than that by mountain soil HA. It was thus suggested that the lake sediment HA with larger particle size may develop beneficially chemical conformation for sorption of toluene and related compounds in soil and associated environments. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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