|Title:||香蕉堦段栽培與肥料效應之研究||Other Titles:||Experiment of Fertilization on Bananas on Terrace Land of Taiwan||Authors:||朱慶國
|Keywords:||產量;品質;生育成熟日數;更新;yield;quality;plantation longitivity;renew||Issue Date:||Apr-1968||Publisher:||臺灣園藝學會||Journal Volume:||14||Journal Issue:||1-2||Start page/Pages:||49-70||Source:||中國園藝||Abstract:||
1. This trial is aimed to figure out the possible fertilizer reactions of yield, quality and plantation longitivity under terrace planting condition.
2. The trial covers the span of 4 continuous crops, a planting and 3 ratoons, from June 1962 to June 1967.
3. Under factorical design every one of the three blocks is splited into two mainplots terraced and sloped, and five fertilizer combination subplots, say NPK, NE, NP, PK and CE. Fertilizing dosages are: Urea 320gr/pt, super-calcium-phosphate 600gr/pt, potash chloride 700gr/pt.
4. Followings re the results of this trial:
a. There is a significant yield (per plant) thrives at treatment NPK while all other fertilized treatments are superior to the unfertilized CE. At the base of 4-crop average, NPIC treatment leads 68.6% over CK, and NP, NE, PK 33.17% to 40.15%. In both slope and terrace plantations the 3rd and 4th crops (2nd and 3rd ratoons) thrive the leading yield.
b. At any combination with potash, potash gives plant a better vegetative growth. So the NP treatment is almost as bad as unfertilized CK in leaf width, leaf length, pseudostem height and pseudostem perimeter.
c. Days from planting to shooting and harvesting can not be shorten by fertilizing at first 2 crops (planting and 1st ratoon), but significantly hastened at 3rd and 4th Crops (2nd and 3rd ratoons).
d. The test frost in February 1963 unveils that NPIC treatment gives young plant (ten months old) more resistance while the NE and PK thrive the second. The unfertilized CE was severely damaged.
e. As for the errosion of surfacesoil, the slope plantation soil runs off averagely 15.3 cm over 5 years while terrace one only 7.2 cm, the later is not lost but immigrated from the upper terrace to the lower.
That slope plantation composes a constant yield-increasing potentiality, of 24.30% at the first year and deceased to 10% at the 4th year, over those of the terrace one, unveils the fact that the steepness of the original slope of the terrace is another limiting factor especially when the slope is some 22 to 23 degree and the terrace is young. Lack of surface-soil-cares when building the terrace plays bulk tribute to this unexpecting drawback. But any way, say in a span of more than six to seven years, the steep terrace would still out-match the slope. Other similary trial under a slope of only 8-10 degree, terrace platation thrives the same at first 2 crops and significantly over sloped one after the third crop (2nd ratoon). Referring to the trial at less steepness condition and the undebated fact of run-off-killing effect, terrace would thrives over slope in banana culture.
|Appears in Collections:||園藝系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.