|Title:||台灣蓮霧栽培之過去與前瞻||Other Titles:||Review and Anticipation on Wax-apple in Taiwan||Authors:||王德男
|Keywords:||蓮霧栽培;台灣;Waxapple production;Taiwan||Issue Date:||Jun-1991||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||339-355||Source:||農業試驗所特刊;第35號||Conference:||台灣果樹之生產及研究發展研討會專刊
Proceeding of A Symposium on Fruit Production, Research and Development in Taiwan
In the recent 10 years, the production of wax-apple in Taiwan has been improved greatly. Using the technique of cultivation such as waterlogging, girdling, trunk wounding, root-pruning, bald-cutting in order to promote early flowering and control the fruit production season have been success. Studies on plant nutrition, soil management, application of plant regulators have improved the fruit quality of wax-apple and enhanced the effectiveness of promoting flowering. Production season of wax-apple can be adjusted six monthes earlier than normal season and have changed the production season of wax apple from traditional summer to nowdays winter and spring. The quality of wax-apple has also improved greatly and the so call "black pearl" or "black diamond" wax-apple has become quite a precious fruit. The processing of wax-apple, and analysis of production cost, are also discussed on this paper.
In the recent years, due to the abuse application of plant requlator and micro element have been strictly controlled and inspected, the correct application method, concentration and application time have been taught to farmers in order to improve fruit development, enlarge fruit size, inhibit growth shoots, prevent cold injury and increase quality.
In the future, besides continuing to improve production technique, selecting of various better varieties, establishing a method to detect the flower bud differentiation for stabilizing precentage of flowering in order to have an earlier or a later production season and to reach year-round production, searching new thinning flower ( fruit ) chemicals, dwarfing trees by cultivation methods, sing mechanical practice to save labor and reduce production cost, educating farmers to use safe chemicals, organic fertilizer and bagging fruit are the ways to produce high quality and non-polluted fruits. Furthermore, strenghthening shipment and market distribution such as using communication distribution system to avoid-losing distribution benefit, strenghthening postharvest study and searching the technique for storage and shipment are the main subject to extend foreign market.
|Appears in Collections:||熱帶果樹系|
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