|Title:||台灣新興果樹選育及展望||Other Titles:||Selection and Prospects of New Fruit Crops in Taiwan||Authors:||顏昌瑞
|Issue Date:||May-2013||Publisher:||國立屏東科技大學農園生產系||Start page/Pages:||177-192||Conference:||臺灣果樹育種研討會專刊||Abstract:||
Innovation including exploitation of new fruit crops, promotes the development of industry. Introduction and exploitation of new fruit crops has significantly improved and will also continuously promote fruit industry in Taiwan. The collections and conservation of fruit resources reflect the power of a country as well. Few native fruit species was found in Taiwan before, most of important fruit crops were introduced abroad. Fruit production plays important role more than rice, vegetable and other crops and accounted for 36.75% of agricultural products in Taiwan in 2009. However, overproduction, increase of cost and pests has caused the decrease of fruit production area in past 2 decades. Development of new fruit crop is one of the solutions to improve fruit industry in Taiwan.
Fruit resources conservation and research have been conducted in Taiwan mainly locates at Agricultural Research Institute and its two branch stations. However, some important fruit crops are duplicated conserved and studied at other stations and universities including National Pingtung University of Science and Technology. Private company and farmers are also involved due to expanding tours abroad. Introduction and development of pitaya (dragon fruit) is one successful example of exploitation of new fruits.
The studies in past 2 decades at NPUST indicate that chempedak, wampee, pulasan, Brazil cherry, star apple, white sapote, black sapote and mamee sapote are potential new fruit crops in Taiwan. Among them, potential clones are selected in chempedak, wampee, pulasan, Brazil cherry, star apple and abiu.
|Appears in Collections:||熱帶果樹系|
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