|Title:||豌豆葉潛蠅之生態及數種豌豆害蟲之防治||Other Titles:||Biology of Pea Leafminer, Phytomyza horticola Goureau, and the Control of Several Pea Insects||Authors:||王清玲
|Issue Date:||12-Mar-1986||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Journal Volume:||35||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||118-128||Source:||中華農業研究||Abstract:||
葉潛蠅(Phytomyza horticola Goureau)以豌豆爲主要寄主值物。卵多產於葉背。在21±1℃,RH70-80%，12L之環境下，卵期：-3日，孵化率96.68%。一、二、三齡幼蟲口鈎吻節長度分別平均爲114.3、190.2、289.6μm。發育日數分別爲2.50、1.69、1.75日。第一齡蟲死亡率65.03%，第二、三齡蟲全部存活。化蛹葉背。蛹長2.06mm，寬0.91mm。蛹期7.53日，羽化率82.75%。雌蟲翅長2.61mm，雄蟲2.30mm。羽化後1-3天開始交尾、產卵。一生產卵144-1,057粒，平均475.3粒。雌蟲壽命10-35日，平均21.6日。雄蟲2-5日，平均3.3日。Pea leafminer (Phytonyza horticola Goureau) attacks sweet pea seriously in Taiwan. Most of their eggs laid in the undersurfaces of pea leaves. Under the circumstance of 21±1℃, RH70-80%, 12L, egg stage lasted for 1-3 days. Hatching, rate was 96.68%. The length of mouth hook with hypopharynx skeleton of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd instar larvae were 114.3, 190.0, 289.6flm, and the developing period were 2.50, 1.69, 1.75 days, respectively. 65.03% of the 1st instar larvae died while no larvae was found died during the 2nd and the 3rd stadia. Pupae lasted 7.53 days, and 82.75% emerged succesfully. Wing length of female measured 2.61 mm, male 2.30mm. Mating and egg deposition started 1-3 days after emergence. Female laid 144-1057, averagely 475.3 eggs. Adult female survived 10-35, averagely 21.6 days; male 2-5at an average of 3.3 days.
|Appears in Collections:||1.台灣農業研究(1950～迄今)|
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