|Title:||雜糧種子有機生產模式之研究||Other Titles:||Researches on Organic Grain Crops Seed Production System||Authors:||曾一航
|Keywords:||玉米;高粱;種子倉儲;種子調製;雜交玉米;籌供體系;Sorghum bicolor;seed storage;Seed Processing;Hybrid Corn;Production and Supplying System||Issue Date:||Dec-2020||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Journal Issue:||106||Start page/Pages:||53-68||Source:||雜糧作物試驗研究年報||Abstract:||
為建構雜糧種子有機生產模式，本研究分別就品種篩選、種子採收調製及倉儲節能等方面進行探討。根據肥培試驗結果顯示，在7 個玉米參試品種中，品種1401 在穗長、穗徑及單穗重等產量相關穗部性狀上均具有良好表現，且在不同肥培處理間亦無顯著差異存在，具備作為有機栽培適用品種之潛力。在冷藏倉儲節能研究上，資料顯示用電度數與大氣溫度變化有關，而在三個調查時段之累積用電度數中，以每日17 時至隔日8 最高，13 至17 時為最低。在採收調製試驗部份，結果顯示種子調製油耗量在三種不同乾燥處理間具明顯差異，而常溫冷風與熱風間接乾燥處理為未來可採用之節能操作選項。
In order to establish an organic seed production system for grain crops, the three different parts of the production system including variety selection, seed harvesting and processing, and refrigerated warehouse energy efficiency are investigated in this study. The results of fertilization experiments show that the performance of yield-related traits, including ear length, ear diameter, and ear weight, of variety 1401 is good among the 7 tested varieties. There are also no significant differences in the traits performance of variety 1401 between the fertilization treatments. So the variety has the potential to be utilized in the organic farming. In the research on refrigerated warehouse energy efficiency, the data shows that the energy consumption (kWꞏh) of refrigerating system is related to atmospheric temperature. Among the three periods investigated, the highest cumulative electricity consumption period is between 5 PM and 8 AM, and the lowest one is between 1 PM and 5 PM. In the harvesting and processing experiments of corn, the results indicate that the oil consumption for seed drying process among the three treatments is obviously different. The treatments which supplying room-temperature air in the first 3/6 days and heated air in the rest drying process could be used as an energy-saving operation option in the future.
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