|Title:||Field experiments for evaluating the effects of water management and phosphate application on inorganic arsenic accumulation in water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.)||Authors:||Yi-Hsuan Ke
|Keywords:||water spinach;field experiment;inorganic arsenic;water management;Phosphate application;iron plaque||Issue Date:||Oct-2022||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal Volume:||844||Start page/Pages:||157232||Source:||Science of the Total Environment||Abstract:||
Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.) isa commonly planted vegetable in the Southeast Asia; it isa semi-aquatic leafy vegetable with high inorganic arsenic (As) accumulation capability and can be planted under both upland and flooding cultivation conditions. To date, a limited number of field studies have investigated the effect of soil management on As phytotoxicity and accumulation of water spinach. Therefore, in this study, a field experiment was con-ducted to investigate the effects of water management and phosphate (P) application on the As phytotoxicity and accumulation of water spinach grown in As-contaminated fields (121 mg As kg(-1)). Water spinach was planted in the study field with two water management (flooding and upland cultivation) and two P application rates (90 and 180 kg P2O5 ha(-1)), and continuously harvested three times. Results reveal that the concentration and estimated daily intake (EDI) of inorganic As in the edible parts of water spinach under flooding cultivation were approximately twofold higher than those under upland cultivation. It was also found that the accumulation of As in the shoot of water spinach was strongly related to the As concentrations, rather than P/As molar ratio in pore water due to that P application rates were lower than the maximum capacity for P retention of the tested soil. Moreover, the As phytotoxicity and accumulation of water spinach were reduced at the third harvest relative to the first two harvests because of the increase in iron plaque formation on the root surface and the decrease in the growing temperature during the experimental period. Our results suggest that upland cultivation is the better practice than flooding cultivation for reducing inorganic As accumulation in the edible parts of water spinach grown in As-contaminated soils. Further, ratooning may be a feasible cultivation approach to reducing inorganic As accumulation in water spinach.
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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