|Title:||Inheritance of two endosperm protein loci in rice (Oryza sativa L.)||Authors:||L. F. O. Chen
L. C. Chen
|Keywords:||rice (oryza sativa l.);Seed protein loci;Codominance;inheritance;sds-page||Issue Date:||Dec-1989||Publisher:||Springer||Journal Volume:||78||Journal Issue:||6||Start page/Pages:||788-792||Source:||Theoretical and Applied Genetics||Abstract:||
Previous studies indicated two types of phenotypic protein markers as two minor bands of SDS-PAGE for rice storage protein. A variant derived from a Pakistani variety, Dular, was found to show a mobility variant with Band 11, a relatively faster-moving band as compared to Band 10, while most of the other cultivated rices exhibited Band 10 at a molecular weight of around 100–110 K. Band 11 was also observed in several wild rice species. How this variant occurred is not known. Another marker is characterized by the presence of either Band 56 (slower-migrating band) or Band 57 (faster-migrating band) in most cultivars at a molecular weight of about 28–27 K. Most indica varieties developed in Taiwan have Band 57 and japonica varieties have Band 56. Genetic analysis of F1, F2 and F3 seeds from interstrain crosses indicated that Band 10 versus Band 11 and Band 56 versus Band 57 are due to codominant alleles at two loci. Tests of independent inheritance between these two loci (Band 10/11 versus Band 56/57) indicated that there is no linkage between them. Both of these two protein loci encode for endosperm proteins and mostly belong to the minor polypeptide subunits of the glutelin fraction of rice seed proteins. Studies on reciprocal crosses indicate dosage effects as exhibited in band patterns. Variations in band intensity were frequently observed when the maternal genotype was different.
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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