|Title:||菇類栽培後介質之再利用||Other Titles:||Recycling application of spent mushroom substrates||Authors:||呂昀陞
|Keywords:||農業廢棄物;菇類栽培介質;有機堆肥;agricultural wastes;spent mushroom substrates;organic compost||Issue Date:||Oct-2011||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||59-69||Source:||農業試驗所特刊第155號||Conference:||菇類產業發展研討會專刊||Abstract:||
The economic value of the annual production of fresh mushrooms in Taiwan has reached 9 billion NT dollars. Spent mushroom substrates (SMS) generated as a by-product was more than 10 tones from over 250 million sawdust filled in plastic bags or bottles. Part of the spent mushroom substrates was further fermentation as organic fertilizers, however, some farmers just abandoned those spent mushroom substrates in the filed and it might cause the pollution. Recently, the environment issue has drawn attention by public. Recycling those spent mushroom substrates has become an important project. Due to lots of nutrient remained in SMS, it can be further applied in several areas such as 1.) substrates for mushroom cultivation; 2.) substrates for organic compost or disease suppressive medium; 3.) feed of livestock; 4.) materials for fuel or biomass energy; 5.) materials for ecological remediation; 6.) sources for extraction of enzymes and polysaccharides. In Taiwan, the research on use of SMS is major in replacing of sawdust in mushroom cultivation, making organic compost or disease suppressive medium. However, SMS still have the potential for better application. Since the well used of SMS not only can reduce the production of agricultural waste, but also increase the profit for mushroom farmers. Therefore, how to recycle SMS is worthy for further study and extension.
|Appears in Collections:||植物病理組|
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