|Title:||蟲媒病害與植物防疫政策||Other Titles:||Policy on the management of insect-borne plant diseases||Authors:||張瑞璋
|Keywords:||防疫政策;植物病害;媒介昆蟲;plant protection policy;plant disease;insect vector||Issue Date:||Jul-2011||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||1-7||Source:||農業試驗所特刊;第152號||Conference:||農作物害蟲及其媒介病害整合防治技術研討會專刊
Proceedings of the Symposium on Integrated Management Technology of Insect Vectors and Insect-Borne Diseases
In recent years,Crop diseases vectored by the insects have gradually become serious in Taiwan. We found that the causing organisms spread via this mechanism were viruses and bacteria mainly, with small proportions of fungi, nematodes and other micro-organisms. Insects which carrying these pathogens are mostly belonged to the group of small insects,such as thrips, aphids,whiteflies and leafhoppers.They shared common characteristics including short generation, strong hiding and flying ability, and easily produced resistant offsprings against pesticides. Taiwan is located between the subtropical and tropical regions, where inhabit a great number of insect vectors characterized being very active and fecund, under such complicated and difficult circumstance, farmers are forced to face both the threat of the diseases and their vectors, when the insect vector is not the major pest of the crop, farmers always ignore the existence of the vectors, hence the insect-borne diseases prevail in certain local areas. For example, currently the local outbreaks of muskmelon virus diseases,
citrus huanglongbing, and tomato spotted wilt disease had increased the costs of pest
control and the risks on crop production, and even impacted the local agriculture industry. To deal with the issue on the control of major insect-borne diseases, BAPHIQ conduct the management programs including plant pests and diseases monitoring, task assignment, IPM technology development, farmers training and demonstration symposium, seed or seedling disease certification, collection of information on international epidemic situations, and regulations control etc., to assist farmers in crop production, and to strengthen insect-borne disease control system.
The efforts of quarantine and plant protection measures should be integrated to tackle the problems. In the future, we should not only base on the existing of foundation and results to shape the plant protection policies that conform to the international trend and standards, but also strengthen the gathering of international epidemic information to timely amend related regulations for implementation of agricultural security.
Finally, the sound and complete plant protection system will be established. By
thoughtfully planning the priority of policy for management of crop diseases, ongoing
improving the problems of epidemic prevention measures and non-stop upgrade of related disease control technology, the goal will be achieved for better ensuring the sustainable development of agriculture and security of domestic agricultural
production environment as well as the food safety and the consumer health.
|Appears in Collections:||應用動物組|
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