|Title:||玉米螟之生物防治||Other Titles:||Biological Control of the Corn Borers||Authors:||邱瑞珍
|Keywords:||亞洲玉米螟;歐洲玉米螟;生物防治;寄生性天敵;捕食性天敵;赤眼卵蜂;飼育;增殖;釋放;Osfrmnia furnacaJjs (Gn.);Os,trinia nubilatis (Hb.);biological control. parasitoid;predator;Trichogramma;propagation;liberation||Issue Date:||Oct-1985||Publisher:||植病保護學會||Journal Volume:||27||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||299-316||Source:||植物保護學會會刊||Abstract:||
玉米螟乃玉米栽培期中之首要害蟲，依其地理分布重要者有歐洲玉米螟(Osfrmnia ,uthilalis (Hb.))與亞洲玉米螟(Ostrinia furnacalis (Gn.))兩種。前老分布於歐、美、亞及非洲地區，後者分布於亞、澳地區。該兩種玉米螟種名之鑑定頗有存疑之處，本文係依文獻使用者子以整理。
The corn borers have been recognized as the most destructive insect pest of corn during its growing season. Two important species of the corn borers are known as European corn borer (Osfrmnia ,uthilalis (Hb.)) and Asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Gn.)), the former species distributed in Europe, North America, western Asia and northwestern Africa, and the latter species distributed in Asia and Australia. The confusion on name identification has been existent between these two species in some literature. The names of corn borers presented in this paper is directly cited from its literature.
This paper reviews about the biological control of corn borers and with cspecial emphasis on the European corn borer. It concerns with the parasitoids (e.g. insect, bacterium, fungus, virus, nematode and protoza), and the predators (e.g. insect, spider, bird and rodent) of the egg, larva and pupa of corn borcrs particularly the utilization of natural enemies for their control. The propagating and releasing techniques of their egg parasitoids and the factors effect on wasp liberation are also reviewed and discussed as follows:
1. The propagating techniques cover the species identification, use of alternative hosts, host eggs inviability, maintenance of the health stock of wasps, and the semi- or automated rearing procedure, etc.
2. The releasing techniques cover the understanding of the density and ovipositing period of host insects, release of various developmental stages of wasps, and the USC of protecting container, tractorised apparatus or aircraft for the wasps liberation, etc.
3. The effectivenc of wasps liberation is closely related to the duration of the flight period of host moths, weather condition, corn variety, adequated numbers and times of wasps released, etc.
|Appears in Collections:||應用動物組|
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