|Title:||Arsenic phytotoxicity and accumulation in rice seedlings grown in arsenic-contaminated soils as influenced by the characteristics of organic matter amendments and soils||Authors:||Chien-Hui Syu
|Keywords:||arsenic;iron plaque;organic matter amendments;paddy soil;rice||Issue Date:||Feb-2019||Publisher:||Wiley||Journal Volume:||182||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||60-71||Source:||Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science||Abstract:||
Organic matter (OM) application into soils is a common agricultural practice. Previous studies have shown that in arsenic (As)-contaminated paddy soils, OM has the potential to alter the behavior of As and affects the growth and As accumulation of rice plants. In this study, pot experiments were conducted to investigate the differences in the amounts of As released into soil solutions, its toxicity, and accumulation in rice seedlings caused by application of three different OM amendments [soybean meal (SB), sugarcane dreg compost (SC), and cattle-dung compost (CD)]. These OM amendments were each applied to three As-contaminated soils, Guandu (Gd), Pinchen (Pc), and Chengchung (Cf), which have different characteristics. The results indicate that after addition of two easily decomposable OMs (SB and SC), the As toxicity and concentrations increased in rice plants, especially in As-spiked Cf soils which had low As retention capacity. This was the result of elevated As concentration in soil solutions due to a decrease in soil redox potential and competition between dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and As for sorption sites, as well as the formation of As-DOC complexes. However, there were no significant effects on plant growth and As accumulation in rice seedlings after treatments with CD (not easily decomposable OM). Another important finding was that the amount of iron plaque on the surface of rice roots increased with OM amendments in the Gd soils rich in iron oxides and hydroxides, thus reducing the As uptake by rice plants. These results suggest that the characteristics of OM and soils should be considered when OM amendments are applied to As-contaminated soils.
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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