|Title:||有機農業之意義及有關試驗之檢討||Other Titles:||Organic Farming and Its Experiment in Taiwan||Authors:||王銀波
|Keywords:||有機農業;田間管理;土壤;Organic farming;Field management;Soil||Issue Date:||Dec-1995||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||95-109||Source:||農業試驗所特刊第50號||Conference:||有機質肥料合理施用技術研討會專刊||Abstract:||
The definitions of organic farming are diversified based on the principles emphasized. In general, organic farming system are a range of technological and management options used on farms striving to reutilize nature resources, protect ecological environment, conserve energy, reduce pollution, maintain soil productivity, and produce safety and healthy crops. Therefore, the practices including crop rotation, intercroping, biological protection, and microbial fertilizers were used to some experimental fields located in the middle and the southern parts of Taiwan, in order to investigate the suitability of the system.
The combined results showed that (1)the yield and qualities of crops in the field under organic system were similar or a little superior, but the apparent exhibition was worse than, and the number of pests diseases and weeds were higher than, those in the fields under conventional system; (2) the physical and chemical properties as well as microbial activities in the soils were improved by applying high dose of composts, however, some elements were also found to be accumulated; (3) both beneficial and harmful effects were found intercroping by various crops. Synergistic crops on intercroping system must be established and (4) encourage farmers to make composts will be good for developing organic farming system.
Some suggestions were described in the papers in developing a sucessful organic farming or an alternative organic farming system in Taiwan to satisfy the needs of consummers and producers.
|Appears in Collections:||農業化學組|
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