|Title:||土壤有機質初始狀態與過度分解現象之關係||Other Titles:||The relationship of initial soil organic matter and over decomposition phenomenon||Authors:||陳琦玲
|Keywords:||soil organic carbon;initial condition;over decomposition;土壤有機質;初始狀態;過度分解||Issue Date:||Jun-2000||Publisher:||中華土壤肥料學會||Journal Volume:||3||Journal Issue:||2||Start page/Pages:||95-112||Source:||土壤與環境||Abstract:||
An over decomposition phenomenon was discovered in the simulation process of soil organic matter decomposition. The over decomposition phenomenon presented the special hollow curve of soil organic matter accumulation which decreased temporally to the lower level than initial condition, then gradually increased to the final equilibrium level. The phenomenon usually happened when easily decomposed portion of initial soil organic carbon was great. This study discussed the relationship of initial soil organic matter and over decomposition phenomenon. The results of simulation process showed that: (1) The over decomposition could not be simulated by the mono-variable model, due to the partitioning of soil organic carbon could not be described by such a model. (2) According to the Jenkinson-Rayner model simulation, the phenomenon could easily occur when initial soil organic carbon contained great decomposable and resistant plant material. The change extent of curve was increased as the decomposable plant material portion was increased. (3) The phenomenon could never occur when the stabilized soil organic matter portion of initial soil organic carbon was great. (4) No matter how much organic matter was added, the phenomenon could never occur after soil organic carbon reached an equilibrium.
根據模式模擬結果顯示：(1)單變數模式因爲沒有土壤有機質形態之劃分，未能模擬過度分解現象。(2)若模擬初始之易分解態與抗分解態植物殘體佔土壤總有機碳 之絕大比例，將較易出現過度分解現象，且其變化幅度隨易分解態植物殘體在植物殘體中所佔之比例增加而變大。(3)若模擬 初始之穩定態有機質佔絕大部分，則不會出現過度分解現象。(4)當土壤有機碳達穏 定平衡後，無論添加多少量，都不會出現過度分解現象。
|Appears in Collections:||農業化學組|
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