|Title:||杭菊健康管理生產體系之研究||Other Titles:||The Study on the Production System of the Chrysanthemum Health Management||Authors:||蕭孟衿
|Keywords:||杭菊;健康管理;生產體系;Chrysanthemum;Health management;Production system;Integrated Crop Management||Issue Date:||Dec-2015||Publisher:||農業試驗所||Start page/Pages:||75-85||Source:||農業試驗所特刊;第188號||Conference:||103年度重點作物健康管理生產體系及關鍵技術之研發成果研討會論文集||Abstract:||
臺灣杭菊主要產於臺東縣臺東市、卑南鄉和苗栗縣銅鑼鄉等。杭菊主要以乾燥花的形式作為沖泡飲用及中藥材使用，少部分則以觀賞花卉出售。在建立杭菊健康種苗之種原試驗結果顯示，定植1 個月後扦插苗的存活率較分株苗高，對於杭菊蟲害之防治，以非農藥防治組表現較佳。杭菊不同介質扦插試驗結果顯示，在葉片數、根數、根乾重和莖葉乾重方面以泥炭土和真珠石組表現最佳。分株苗試驗一，利用殺菌劑及微生物處理分株苗，對照組、賽普護汰寧及枯草桿菌處理定植田間一個月後植株存活率分別為68%、98%及82%，對照組和賽普護汰寧組達顯著差異。分株苗試驗二，分株苗處理後定植於盆栽中，一個月後存活率最高的是賽普護汰寧組，枯草桿菌組最差，整體而言以賽普護汰寧組處理分株苗所得結果最佳。分株苗試驗三，分株苗處理後定植於盆栽中，一個月後分株苗存活率最高的是亞托敏15 分鐘組，對照組組最差，整體而言以亞托敏處理15 分鐘表現最佳。本試驗結果顯示扦插和分株苗殺菌處理皆可提高杭菊苗定植後的存活率，建議農民可採行之。本計畫亦積極輔導產銷班，建立杭菊生產履歷簿或防治紀錄並加入吉園圃認證，同時推廣非農藥防治，期能作好杭菊健康管理基礎工作，以保障消費者食的安全。
The major producing areas of Taiwan chrysanthemum are at Taitung and Miaoli counties. Chrysanthemums are often provided as dry flowers for beverage and traditional Chinese medicine. Few are sold as ornamental plants. This study showed the cuttings of chrysanthemums have the higher survival rate than seedlings after transplanted at the first month. There have a better control effect for the chrysanthemum pests especially using non-pesticides materials. In different media assay of chrysanthemum cuttings, the results showed peat and perlite mixture had the best observations on the leaf number, root number, root dry weight and shoot dry weight. In divisible seedling assay 1, the divisible seedlings were treated with fungicides and microorganisms. The survival rate of control, Cyprodinil + fludioxonil and Bacillus mycoides were 68 %, 98 % and 82 % after planting on the farm at the first month. Cyprodinil + fludioxonil were significantly increased than control. In divisible seedling assay 2, the divisible seedlings were transplanted to pots after treating. Cyprodinil + fludioxonil had the best survival rate while Bacillus mycoides had the worst after a month. Overall Cyprodinil + fludioxonil had the best observations. In divisible seedling assay 3, the divisible seedlings were transplanted to pots after treating. Soaking 15 minutes in Azoxystrobin had the best survival rate while control had the worst after a month. Overall soaking 15 minutes in Azoxystrobin had the best observations. The results of these assays showed the cutting and divisible seedling treated with fungicides can improve the survival rate of chrysanthemum after planting. We suggested the farmers could use these methods. To ensure the safety of food for consumers, this project also assisted the Chrysanthemum Production-Marketing Groups to establish their traceability system or the recording of the diseases and pests control and certify by Good Agriculture Practice. At the same time, we encouraged to use non-pesticides materials for pest control.
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