|Title:||CFD simulation of moving spray shields||Authors:||Jyh-Rong Tsay
H. Erdal Ozkan
Ross D. Brazee
Robert D. Fox
|Keywords:||Moving shield;CFD simulation;FLUENT||Issue Date:||Feb-2002||Publisher:||American Society of Agricultural Engineers||Journal Volume:||45||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||21-26||Source:||Transactions of the ASAE||Abstract:||
Most wind tunnel experiments pertaining to shielded spraying have been conducted under stationary conditions. In field experiments, the interest has always focused on the investigation of drift amount. No information about the effect of a moving shield is available, not to mention the effect of travel speed and travel direction on drift reduction. In this study, by using the FLUENT computational fluid dynamics software pack-age, a double foil shield was used to investigate the effect of a moving shield on drift reduction under different travel speeds and travel directions (upwind and downwind). Related information on conventional spraying without shields was included. In addition, the moving effect of mechanical and pneumatic shields in a three-dimensional flow with only one droplet release nozzle was further compared. Results of this study indicated that local relative velocity plays an important role in controlling the drift potential of a moving sprayer: the higher the local relative velocity the greater the drift potential. When the sprayer moves upwind, drift potential increases slightly with increased travel speed. However when the sprayer moves downwind, drift potential decreases inversely with increased travel speed, as long as travel speed is less than wind velocity. For the double foil shield, moving upwind produced less drift potential than moving downwind. Simulation results of comparing three-dimensional shields showed that the double foil shield provided a drift reduction of 60.6% and 29.3% over conventional spraying when traveling upwind and downwind, respectively, at a speed of 1.34 m s(-1). The moving pneumatic shield with the best operating setting provided excellent control of drift reduction for both upwind and downwind traveling at a speed of 1.34 m s(-1).
|Appears in Collections:||SCI期刊|
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