|Title:||栽培環境調控與植物健康管理||Other Titles:||Control of Cultivation Environment and Plant Health Management||Authors:||蔡致榮
|Keywords:||環境控制;植物健康管理;作物控制;Environment control;Plant health management;Crop control||Issue Date:||Jun-2009||Publisher:||農業試驗所、環球技術學院||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第143號||Start page/Pages:||49-78||Source:||2009花卉健康管理研討會專刊||Conference:||2009花卉健康管理研討會
Proceedings of the Symposium on Plant Health Management for Flower Crops
栽培環境調控牽涉範圍廣泛，一般以溫室內生產較容易實際運作，大體而 言，溫室環境控制包括溫室結構、相關設備與特徵化溫室作物生產之每日管理決 定。而植物健康管理所揭示「經由揣摩植物本身與週遭之生物、物理與化學條件等相關性，藉人為技術之修飾」之意涵，實是溫室環境最佳化管理長期以來追求 與努力之目標。本文除整理改寫佛羅里達溫室蔬菜生產手冊中有關溫室環境考 量、溫室環境控制與植物生理之基本內涵與觀念，提供讀者全盤理解，俾利未來 植物健康管理實踐參考外，亦說明「整合無線區域網路與即時視訊之溫室數位環 控肥灌系統」之國內環境控制實例。最後並強調「管理光合作用與呼吸作用並藉助環控技術進行作物控制」之理念與努力方向，冀望將植物健康管理概念融入現代化環境控制系統，以進一步形塑根基於生物資訊之最佳化先進控制技術。
The scope involved with control of cultivation environment is quite broad, and it is more easily implemented in greenhouse production. Environmental control includes the greenhouse structure, related equipment, and the day-to-day management decisions that characterize greenhouse crop production. The definition of “Plant Health Management” partly depicted by“…through fathoming the relationship of biological, physical, and chemical conditions between the plant itself and its environment as well as modifying by means of artificial technology…” is really the long-term pursued and dedicated goal of optimization management of greenhouse environment. In addition to rewriting the fundamental contents and concepts pertaining to greenhouse environmental design considerations, environmental controls and plant physiology, which are discussed in Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, this paper also explains a practical example of environment control in Taiwan. At last, a philosophy deserved to endeavoring in the future is posed to facilitate the “Crop Control” by managing photosynthesis and respiration with environmental controls. It is expected that, by combining the concept of plant health management into modern environmental control systems, an advanced optimization control technology based on biological information could be further set up.
|Appears in Collections:||農業工程組|
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