|Title:||颱風天然災害後香蕉病害的綜合管理||Other Titles:||The Integrated Disease Managements of Taiwan Banana after Typhoon–type Nature Disaster||Authors:||趙治平
|Keywords:||颱風;黃葉病;黑星病;葉斑病;嵌紋病;萎縮病;Fusarium wilt;leaf freckle;black Sigatoka;banana mosaic;banana bunchy top||Issue Date:||Dec-2009||Publisher:||農業試驗所;中華民國植物病理學會||Related Publication(s):||農業試驗所特刊第141號||Start page/Pages:||161-169||Source:||天然災害作物復育之病害管理研討會專刊||Conference:||天然災害作物復育之病害管理研討會
Proceedings of Symposium on Plant Disease Management in Rehabilitation After Natural Disasters
Typhoon is the most devastated natural disaster for banana crop in Taiwan.
The disease managements which are essential to be applied after typhoon damage in banana plants are Fusarium wilt, leaf freckle, black Sigatoka, banana mosaic and banana bunchy top disease, respectively. The integrated management feasible for Fusarium wilt of banana includes (1) site selection and soil analysis, (2) use of healthy in viro plantlet, (3) adoption of a resistant variety, (4) good drainage, and (5) early eradication of infected plant, respectively. The integrated management for controlling leaf freckle of banana comprises (1) sanitation, (2) alternation of the use of systemic and protectant fungicide, and.(3) early bagging of emerged fruit bunch. For black Sigatoka, besides (1) sanitation, and (2) proper use of the fungicides as those for managing leaf freckle, other approaches involve (3) good drainage and (4) irrigation system under the leaf canopy too. The integrated management for banana mosaic covers (1) avoidance of planting banana plantlets in the proximity of crops such as the Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae and legume , which are the common source of aphid vectors to spread CMV., (2) application of silver mulching along the planting site of plantlet, (3) set-up of the spray irrigation, (4) removal of weeds, (5) early eradication of infected plants, and (6) use of pesticide to reduce the infestation by cotton aphid, respectivley. For managing bunchy top of banana, good sanitation, use of virus-free plantlet, and regular spray of pesticide to prevent the outbreak of banana aphid also are required.
|Appears in Collections:||植物保護系|
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