|Title:||臺灣光復前水稻害蟲研究之沿革||Other Titles:||The historical review on the study of the insect pests of paddy in Taiwan till 1945||Authors:||朱耀沂
|Keywords:||paddy insect pests;historical review||Issue Date:||Mar-1996||Publisher:||植物保護學會||Journal Volume:||38||Journal Issue:||2||Start page/Pages:||79-98||Source:||植物保護學會會刊||Abstract:||
The present report is compiled in the purpose to introduce the work on the paddy insect pests in Taiwan till 1945, the cease of the Japanese occupied period. Although several fragmental records are found on some publications which compiled before 1895, almost scientific works are started since the establishment of Agricultural Experiment Station by Japanese. As till 1920’s, the Japanese goverment strenuously extends the production of paddy in Taiwan, many active works are done in this duration. At least, the faunal survey on the insect pest in the paddy field is almost finished till 1910’s. Through those works, 5 or 6 insect pests are recognized as the most destructive insect pests of paddy: (1) Paddy borer (Scirjxphaga incertulas), (2) Black rice bug (Scotinophara lurzida), (3) Rice leaf beetle (Oulema oryzae), (4) Rice spiny leaf beetle (Dactylispa armigera), (5) Brown rice planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) or (6) White backed rice planthopper (Sogatella furcifera). Neverthiess, the scrutinized work in Taiwan is concentratedly done on paddy borer only. Since 1930’s, colonial policy by Japanese government changed to enforce the production of sugarcane and some horticultural crops, the experimental study on the paddy insect pests rather to be neglected. However, comparing with data in 1902 the rice production still increase about 4 times in 1940.
|Appears in Collections:||植物保護系|
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