|Keywords:||水稻;誘變育種;多樣化;加工;Multipurpose;Mutation breeding;Process;Rice||Issue Date:||Nov-2013||Publisher:||臺中區農業改良場||Start page/Pages:||1-18||Source:||臺中區農業改良場特刊119號||Conference:||良質米產業發展研討會專刊||Abstract:||
The rice cultivation and utilization has been encountered impact and changes because of domestic economic development, different consumers’ tastes and preference, and the import of rice after joining WTO (World Trade Organization) in Taiwan. To increase diversified breeding and multipurpose utilizations in rice are becoming the most important objectives in current rice breeding and process. Rice varieties exhibit diversely in starch properties, proteins, fatty acids, pigments, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, the size of white core, embryo, endosperm morphology and structure. How to develop and use new forms are important to increase multipurpose utilization of rice in the future. Taiwan Agriculture Research Institute (TARI) has been employing mutation breeding and cross breeding for developing multipurpose utilization of rice varieties since 1990. After great efforts of several years, we obtain several new rice varieties with multipurpose utilization, including those for nutrition supplements or rice brewing, i.e. golden rice, giant-embryo rice, brewers rice, aromatic rice, low-protein rice, glutinous rice, dull rice, black-aromatic rice, red glutinous rice, and so on. We accomplished the development of rice varieties with special nutrients as raw materials for industrial processing in initial. The nutrition of rice is quite complete and balanced, and rice can be served as excellent raw materials for processing. Rice can be used as raw materials for brewing extensively. TARI is ongoing the development of rice liquor and rice vinegar, and has established several techniques of making premium rice liquor, herbal liquor, tea liquor, and rice vinegar. Because of the high-quality and good tastes of those rice processed products, the techniques provide the important foundation for R&D of rice brewing in the future. Besides of food, rice extracts have other function, such as anti-wrinkle, moisturizing, nourishing, hydrating, antioxidant, deep cleaning, repair, and oil control. It is worthwhile to try and develop rice as the raw materials for cosmetics and skincare. As the result, we develop several premium cosmetic and skincare products from rice, such as rice-embryo-fragrance beauty soap, sake-kasu beauty soap, exfoliator, toner, essence, lotion, sake-kasu mask, powders and eyeshadow.
|Appears in Collections:||農藝系|
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